Energy sources in Panama

Energy consumption in Panama

The most important figure in the energy balance of Panama is the total consumption of
10.81 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 2,484 kWh.

Panama could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is twelve bn kWh, which is 115 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Panama trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption10.81 bn kWh2,484.05 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production12.47 bn kWh2,865.32 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import77.00 m kWh17.70 kWh185.15 kWh
Export427.00 m kWh98.13 kWh42.59 kWh

96.7% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity. In rural areas, the share was 90.2%
Natural GasCubic metersPanama
per capita
per capita
Own consumption552.74 m m³127.03 m³2,583.79 m³
Import552.74 m m³127.03 m³239.57 m³
Export0.00 m³0.00 m³567.66 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total13.34 m t3.15 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline22.28 bn t5,264.22 t7,179.51 t
› of which natural gas1.08 bn t254.46 t5,073.94 t
› of which coal1.91 bn t450.09 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Panama

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Panama
in Panama
per capita
in Panama
per capita
Fossil fuels8.81 bn kWh24,5 %59,9 %2,025.23 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy971.15 m kWh2,7 %3,2 %223.19 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power2.30 bn kWh6,4 %8,3 %529.04 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power23.81 bn kWh66,2 %7,0 %5,472.24 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass71.94 m kWh0,2 %1,7 %16.53 kWh0.06 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 100.00 percent and may not be accurate. receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 18.9 percent of actual total consumption in Panama. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Panama
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
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