Natural gas and oil in Panama

Energy consumption in Panama

The most important figure in the energy balance of Panama is the total consumption of
8.71 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,987 kWh.

Panama could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is eleven bn kWh, which is 122% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Panama is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption8.71 bn kWh1,987.41 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production10.60 bn kWh2,419.22 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import30.00 m kWh6.85 kWh219.11 kWh
Export139.00 m kWh31.72 kWh29.21 kWh

96.7% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 90.2%

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total13.34 m t3.14 t14.67 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Panama

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Panama
in Panama
per capita
in Panama
per capita
Fossil fuels10.72 bn kWh36,0 %70,0 %2,447.12 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power15.19 bn kWh51,0 %7,0 %3,466.75 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy3.87 bn kWh13,0 %14,0 %883.68 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity29.78 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %6,797.54 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production10.60 bn kWh35.6 %43.0 %2,419.22 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energies accounted for around 18.9 percent of actual total consumption in Panama. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Panama
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Brazil: Population growthPopulation growth in BrazilPopulation growth of the last 61 years in Brazil compared to the global average