Climate in Panamá

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of the official weather station in Panamá in a height of 45m above sea level. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Panama

High humidity and hot temperatures make the weather at times pleasant but also tropical humid. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from January to April. Most precipitation decrease from May to November.
Overview: Climate in Panama
Daylengths and sun positions in Panama
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Panamá
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 9 hours per day, February is the sunniest month in the region of Panamá. In June the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Panamá
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 20 rainy days, October offers the most number of rainy days, and in March the least.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Panamá
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in Panamá are in July, when the water is 28 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Panamá
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 88%, October is the most uncomfortable. In March, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Panamá
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is exceeded throughout the year in Panamá.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Panamá
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Panama

Map of Panamá

Most important cities in the region »Panamá«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Panama. Alone 2 cities with over 300,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 160 km and over 90 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo position
Panama City481,9938° 59' 37"N79° 31' 11"W
San Miguelito370,0099° 3' 1"N79° 28' 14"W
Tocumen88,5439° 5' 22"N79° 22' 59"W
Arraiján76,8158° 56' 60"N79° 39' 0"W
Las Cumbres69,1029° 5' 21"N79° 31' 41"W
La Chorrera61,2328° 52' 49"N79° 46' 60"W
Pacora55,5309° 4' 46"N79° 17' 24"W
Vista Alegre41,7868° 55' 60"N79° 42' 0"W
Chilibre33,5369° 9' 3"N79° 37' 16"W
Nuevo Arraiján23,5948° 55' 0"N79° 43' 0"W
Alcalde Díaz19,7829° 7' 13"N79° 33' 23"W
La Cabima17,5449° 7' 7"N79° 32' 12"W
Veracruz16,1728° 52' 60"N79° 37' 60"W
Chepo15,3359° 10' 13"N79° 6' 3"W
El Coco12,1248° 52' 13"N79° 48' 54"W
Ancón9,1698° 57' 37"N79° 33' 5"W
Guadalupe8,4088° 51' 21"N79° 48' 48"W
La Mitra4,7788° 50' 32"N79° 47' 12"W
El Progreso4,2929° 16' 0"N79° 7' 0"W
Lídice4,0598° 45' 0"N79° 54' 0"W
Potrero Grande4,0448° 53' 4"N79° 49' 46"W
Alto del Espino3,6728° 49' 60"N79° 50' 60"W
Bejuco3,4208° 35' 60"N79° 52' 60"W
Capira3,3768° 45' 0"N79° 52' 60"W
La Herradura3,3478° 51' 8"N79° 48' 26"W
Villa Rosario2,9478° 46' 60"N79° 52' 0"W
Paso Blanco2,7359° 7' 24"N79° 14' 54"W
Chame2,3138° 34' 60"N79° 52' 60"W
San Vicente de Bique1,7848° 55' 0"N79° 40' 60"W
Nuevo Emperador1,7238° 59' 56"N79° 43' 38"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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