Tsunami in Masachapa 1992, Nicaragua

Tsunamis in Nicaragua

In a total of 7 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1901 a total of 266 people died in Nicaragua. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 09/02/1992.

Other natural hazards in Nicaragua:

Back to overview: Nicaragua

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 30 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in Nicaragua since 1901

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
08/27/2012Earthquake in El Salvador (El Salvador-Nicaragua) with a magnitude of 7.3. The tsunami also reached El Salvador, Mexico, Ecuador, Chile, New Zealand.unknown24
09/02/1992Earthquake in Nicaragua (Nicaragua) with a magnitude of 7.7. The tsunami caused damages in 7 further countries.unknown233
03/28/1964Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 27 further countries. A total of 124 humans died.unknown2
11/04/1952Earthquake in Russia (Kamchatka) with a magnitude of 9.0. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 10,000 humans died.unknown2
03/04/1952Earthquake in Japan (Se. Hokkaido Island) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries. A total of 33 humans died.unknown2
06/29/1919Earthquake in Nicaragua (Gulf Of Fonseca) with a magnitude of 6.6.unknown2
10/08/1901Earthquake in Nicaragua (Nicaragua) with a magnitude of 7.0.unknown1

These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated. Foto taken from National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC, public domain).