Volcanos in Montserrat

At 1 volcanos in Montserrat there have been a total of 5 siginificant eruptions over the past 2000 years.

All 1 volcanos in Montserrat are still considered as active.

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Significant volcanic eruptions in Montserrat over the past 2000 years

The following list shows all volcanoes of the last 2000 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the outbreak increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic metres up to 1 kilometre high. From VEI 8 a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Montserrat was reached in the review period at VEI 3 in 2003. The volcano Soufriere Hills threw tephramasses of at least 10 million cubic meters over 3 kilometers high. Volcanoes of this size can theoretically erupt at this intensity every year.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
05/20/2006Soufriere Hills20
07/12/2003Soufriere Hills30
01/20/1999Soufriere Hills30
08/01/1997Soufriere Hills32
06/25/1997Soufriere Hills322

These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.