Volcano Barcena in Mexico

Volcanoes in Mexico

With 5 volcanoes in Mexico there have been a total of 13 significant eruptions over the past 1,100 years. Over 1,900 people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 03/29/1982 with the eruption of "Chichon, El". Here, 1879 people died.

Out of 14 volcanos in Mexico, 12 are considered still active.

Other natural hazards in Mexico:
Current volcanoes worldwide

Back to overview: Mexico

Mexico is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, which stretches for about 40,000 km around the Pacific Ocean. Here the tectonic plate of the Pacific collides with several surrounding continental plates and seismic tremors occur again and again. Most of the world's volcanic eruptions, which are also the most severe, occur in this zone.

Significant volcanic eruptions in Mexico in the last 1100 years

Volcano Barcena in MexicoThe following list shows all volcanic eruptions of the last 1,100 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the eruption increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic meters up to 1 kilometer high. From VEI 8, a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Mexico reached in the review period was VEI 6 in 0930. The volcano Ceboruco threw tephramasses of at least 10 cubic kilometers over 25 kilometers high. Such an intensity is normally only achieved every 100 years.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
05/27/1982Chichon, El51
04/04/1982Chichon, El533
03/29/1982Chichon, El51879
01/01/1375Chichon, El50

All volcanoes in Mexico

VolcanoElevationStatusLast eruption
Barcena375 mActive
Ceboruco2164 mActive01/01/0930
Colima3960 mActive
El Chichon1350 mSolfatara stage
Jorullo1330 mActive
Las Tres Virgenes1985 mActive
Paricutin3170 mActive
Pico de Orizaba5675 mActive
Popocatepetl5452 mActive06/22/2022
San Martin1550 mActive
Sierra de San Andres3589 mSolfatara stage
Socorro1000 mActive
Tacana4092 mActive
Xictli3120 mActive

These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.
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