Transport and infrastructure in Mexico

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Mexico with the average of all countries in America. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Mexico ranks 70th in the world with 0.16 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 20,825 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 89.05 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 1.59 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 9,330 km of coastline. In 2020, about 6.39 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Mexico

Back to overview: Mexico

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 398,148 km. For each of the country's 130.26 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.06 meters. This puts Mexico in 146th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 66 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 16623 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Mexico is considered reasonably safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 13.4 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Mexico, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways398,100 km3,056.51 km202.68 m
Railroads20,800 km159.87 km10.60 m
Waterways2,900 km22.26 km1.48 m
Commercial harbors6715.150.000

Central America

 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways644,200 km2,865.26 km236.78 m
Railroads31,600 km140.56 km11.62 m
Waterways9,200 km40.78 km3.37 m
Commercial harbors15,67269.700.006

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Mexico: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in MexicoThe 30 biggest airports and 5 airlines in Mexico with further information and data
Mexico: ClimateClimate and temperature development in MexicoA climate analysis for Mexico incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing