Volcanos in Martinique

At 1 volcanos in Martinique there have been a total of 3 siginificant eruptions over the past 2000 years. Over 29500 people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 05/08/1902 at the volcano "Pelee". Only here 28000 people died.

All 1 volcanos in Martinique are still considered as active.

The most severe natural disasters worldwide


Back to overview: Martinique

Significant volcanic eruptions in Martinique over the past 2000 years

The following list shows all volcanoes of the last 2000 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the outbreak increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic metres up to 1 kilometre high. From VEI 8 a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Martinique was reached in the review period at VEI 4 in 1902. The volcano Pelee The volcano Klaus threw tephramasses of at least 100 million cubic meters over 10 kilometers high. Volcanoes of this size do not normally erupt more frequently than every 10 years.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
08/30/1902Pelee41500
05/08/1902Pelee428000
05/05/1902Pelee023


These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.