Mobile communications and Internet in HaitiCompared to the United States, Haiti is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +509, there were a total of 7.33 million connections in 2021. Among them were 7.32 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.64 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.
With about 555 webhosts, Haiti is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 87 of these, or about 16 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.
Back to overview: Haiti
Internet speed for cell phones and fixed networkWith an average download speed of 21.39 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Haiti ranks 126th in an international comparison. The upload rate of only 9.8 Mbit/second was significantly lower (132nd place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, Haiti comes 134th with a download speed of 8.0 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 5 Mbit was enough for 134th place.
The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2023 from 180 countries.
Mobile phone rates in HaitiEvery year, the International Telecommunication Union calculates for many countries what a mobile phone contract costs to use. A monthly budget averaging US$ 21.60 was calculated Haiti in 2021. This is about the same value as in the previous year.
The ITU refers to the costs for monthly use and includes 140 telephony minutes, 70 text messages and a data transfer of 2 GBytes. The transfer speed should be the minimum of a 3G connection, i.e. at least UMTS, which is already outdated in many parts of the world. 2 GBytes do not sound much. However, this is already quite a high consumption in a worldwide comparison. If one does not take a fixed amount in US dollars, but converts it to the economic output per inhabitant, a user in Haiti spends 19.46% of his gross national income on mobile telephony. Worldwide, this rate is around 6.6 percent.
In the USA, the monthly cost was around $38.10.
Lack of network coverage with 5GA modern 5G network does not yet exist in Haiti (as of 2021). The penetration rate of 4G, i.e., mobile communications with at least LTE speed, was recently 35 percent. In other words, 7.44 million people in the country had to make do with a maximum Internet speed of the outdated UMTS standard (or even less).
The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.
Access to the internet in Haiti from 1990 - 2021
Broadband internet in Haiti 2012 - 2021Haiti is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 39 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 0 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.
Landlines 1990 - 2021
The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in Haiti. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 64 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.
Mobile phones 1990 - 2021
► All international calling codes
|Distribution in 2021||Haiti|
|Internet users||4.46 m||38.95 %||304.52 m||91.75 %|
|Broadband users||31,000.00||0.27 %||125.89 m||37.93 %|
|Landlines||6,000.00||0.05 %||97.82 m||29.47 %|
|Mobile cellulars||7.32 m||63.93 %||361.66 m||108.97 %|