The climate in Greenland

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 5 measuring stations in Greenland.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Greenland

Climate zone: arctic polar zone

The climate in Greenland is not really suitable for petted US Westcoasters or Central Europeans. It is mostly cold and in winter months the mercury column won't reach anything above freezing point. In the cold season even the maximum temperatures are well below zero. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to October. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to April.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Greenland

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Greenland
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Greenland
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Greenland
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Greenland
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Greenland
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Greenland
Climate charts for other regions in Greenland

Temperature records of the last 72 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to June 2021 was reported by the Narsarsuaq weather station. In August 2016 the record temperature of 23.4 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 13 weather stations in Greenland , was recorded in 2003 with an average temperature of 6.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 4.5 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 10.2 °C.

The coldest day in these 72 years was reported by the weather station Danmarkshavn. Here the temperature dropped to -43.6 °C in January 2019. Danmarkshavn lies at an altitude of 12 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1989 with an average temperature of -18.8 °C. In Greenland, it is usual to have about 6.2 degrees more at -12.6 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in Dezember 2011. With 21.7 mm per day, the Ikerasassuaq weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 72 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Ikerasassuaq. The driest region is near Danmarkshavn.

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.