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Hurricanes in El Salvador

Hurricanes only occur occasionally in El Salvador. On average, they happen about 5 times a year. The hardest hit regions are San Miguel, Usulután and La Libertad.

The hurricane season usually lasts from early June to late November.

The most severe hurricane to make landfall in El Salvador in the past 12 months was »Julia«. It reached a wind speed of up to 69 km/h on October 9, 2022 at 9:00 pm local time near Chirilagua and was 23 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a tropical storm hurricane. On the open sea, speeds of up to 139 km/h were measured (category 1).

Other natural hazards in El Salvador:
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Earthquakes
Tsunamis
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Most violent hurricanes in El Salvador since 2018

Lisa: October 27 to November 5, 2022

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 988 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On November 2nd, 2022 at 6:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 364 km north of Metap in Santa Ana.

Roslyn: October 17-24, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 954 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 16th, 2022 at 6:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 691 km southeast of Acajutla in Sonsonate.

Karl: October 10-13, 2022

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 93 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 1000 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 10th, 2022 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 277 km northeast of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.

Julia: October 2-10, 2022

Region:
Caribbean Sea
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
on land:
max. 69 km/h
Diameter:
max. 333 km
Air pressure:
below 982 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
San Miguel
Usulután
La Libertad
Sonsonate
Ahuachapán

Lester: September 13-17, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 1002 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 14th, 2022 at 12:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 555 km east of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.

Kay: September 1-10, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 167 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 967 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 1st, 2022 at 12:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 404 km east of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.

Frank: July 23 to August 3, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 148 km/h
Diameter:
max. 333 km
Air pressure:
below 975 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On July 23rd, 2022 at 9:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 369 km south of Acajutla in Sonsonate.

Estelle: July 12-21, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 333 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On July 12th, 2022 at 12:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 367 km south of Acajutla in Sonsonate.

Bonnie: June 22 to July 9, 2022

Region:
Caribbean Sea
Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 964 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On July 2nd, 2022 at 3:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 223 km south of Intipuc in La Unión.

Celia: June 13-28, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On June 18th, 2022 at 6:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 68 km southeast of Acajutla in Sonsonate.

Blas: June 10-20, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 333 km
Air pressure:
below 980 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On June 9th, 2022 at 6:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 489 km southeast of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.

Agatha: May 25-31, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 482 km
Air pressure:
below 964 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On May 25th, 2022 at 9:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 482 km southeast of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.

Terry: November 2-10, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 1006 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On November 4th, 2021 at 3:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 446 km south of Acajutla in Sonsonate.

Nora: August 24-30, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On August 24th, 2021 at 12:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 571 km east of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.

Julio: September 4-7, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 1004 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 4th, 2020 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 508 km east of San Francisco Men in Ahuachapán.


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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