Dominican Republic

Presidential republic
Independent since 1844

Dominican Republic
Local name:
República Dominicana
48,670 km²
Santo Domingo
the Dominican Republic on the world map


The Dominican Republic is with the bulk of the country bneing part of a larger island. The island state is located in the caribbean sea. The land has a total area of 48,670 km² (18,792 mi²) and a total coastline of 1,288 km (800.3 mi). This land area is approximately 194% of the area of Maryland. The Dominican Republic is thus the 24th biggest country in the Americas and in terms of area ranked 132nd worldwide. An exceptionally high proportion of residents (83%) belongs to the urban population.

The Dominican Republic is comparatively low at an average elevation of 424 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Pico Duarte) is at 3,098 meters. The island group consists of about 10 islands. Haiti ist the only directly neighboring country of the Dominican Republic. The distance between New York City and the Capital Santo Domingo is about 2,500 km (1,553 mi).


Life expectancy females:
Ø 76.9 years
Birth rate:
18.8 ‰
Death rate:
6.5 ‰
50.2% : 49.8%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Dominican Republic 2021
The currency in the Dominican Republic is the Dominican peso (DOP).
1 Peso is divided into 100 Centavos.
Status: 05/24/2023
1 US dollar = 54.38 Pesos
1000 Pesos = 18.39 US dollar

The climate in the Dominican Republic

In the Dominican Republic, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lower. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 30 and 33 degrees. In some parts of the country, the temperature rises to 36 °C. In the colder months, and depending in the region, the temperature drops to 21 °C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in the Dominican Republic


Official language:

Mother tongueDistribution
Spanish98.0 %
Creole-French2.0 %



GDP:94.24 bn $
Exportations:20,509.0 M $
Importations:28,541.3 M $
Tourism receipts:7.56 bn $
Unemployment rate:7.1 %
Inflation rate:8.81 %
Corruption index:32 (bad)
Energy consumption:16.3 bn kWh

According to the definition from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Dominican Republic is a developing country because of its lower economic performance.

In terms of revenues, the Dominican Republic ranks only 74th in the world and, with an average annual income of 8,100 USD is one of the upper middle-income countries.

Land use

10% Urban areas:5,089 km²
49% Agricultural areas:23,697 km²
44% Forest:21,600 km²
1% Water areas:360 km²



Roadways:19,705 km
Railways:496 km
Commercial harbors:38

Most important cities

Santo Domingo / CapitalOzama965,000
Santo Domingo OesteOzama701,000
Santiago de los CaballerosCibao691,000
San Pedro de MacorísHiguamo185,000
Salvaleón de HigüeyYuma148,000
San CristóbalValdesia138,000
La RomanaYuma128,000
San Francisco de MacorísCibao125,000
Puerto PlataCibao118,000
Concepción de La VegaCibao105,000
Punta CanaEl Valle100,000
Santa Cruz de BarahonaEnriquillo77,000
Boca ChicaOzama76,000
San Juan de la MaguanaEl Valle71,000
Bajos de HainaValdesia67,000
Hato Mayor del ReyHiguamo36,000

Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:constitutionally allowed


Comparison: Dominican Republic / United StatesCountry comparison: Dominican Republic / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and the Dominican Republic compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
Haiti: OverviewHaiti: country data and statisticsHaiti in numbers: demographics, economy, energy and more data and comparisons with other countries.
Developing countriesList of 152 developing countriesList of all 152 developing countries with below-average living standards