Tourism in Cuba

Tourism in Cuba

Cuba recorded a total of one million tourists in 2020, ranking 93rd in the world in absolute terms.

That smaller countries regularly perform lower in a comparison of the absolute number of guests, is obvious. By putting the tourist numbers in relation to the population of Cuba, the result is much more comparable picture: With 0.096 tourists per resident, Cuba ranked 122nd in the world. In Caribbean, it ranked 19th.

In 2020, Cuba generated around 1.15 billion US dollars in the tourism sector alone. This corresponds to 1.1 percent of its the gross domestic product and approximately 14 percent of all international tourism receipts in Caribbean.

A global comparison can be found here › International tourism

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On average, each of the tourists arriving in 2020 spent about 897 US dollars.

Tourism in Cuba

Development of the tourism sector in Cuba from 1995 to 2020

The following chart shows the number of tourist arrivals registered in Cuba each year. Anyone who spends at least one night in the country but does not live there for more than 12 months is considered a tourist. Insofar as the survey included the purpose of the trip, business trips and other non-tourism travel purposes have already been excluded. The number of people passing through within the same day, and e.g., crew members of ships or flights are also not considered tourists in most countries. If the same person travels in and out more than once within the same year, each visit counts again.

Data in the chart are given in millions of tourists. The red line represents the average of all 21 countries in Caribbean.

Tourists per year in Cuba

Revenues from tourism

In 1995, tourism revenues amounted to 1.10 billion USD, or about 3.6 percent of the gross national product. This corresponded to about 745,000 tourists at that time and roughly 1,477 USD per person. Within 25 years, the country's dependence on tourism has decreased noticeably. Before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, sales were $2.65 billion billion, 2.6 percent of gross national product. Thus, each visitor spent an average of $619 on their vacation in Cuba.

In 2020, tourist receipts plummeted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Of the $2.65 billion billion (2019), only $1.15 billion billion remained. This is a 56 percent decrease in Cuba.

Tourism receipts in Cuba per year

All data for Cuba in detail

YearNumber of touristsReceipts% of GNPReceipts per tourist
20201.09 m1.15 bn $1.1 %1,061 $
20194.28 m2.65 bn $2.6 %619 $
20184.71 m2.78 bn $2.8 %591 $
20174.65 m3.30 bn $3.4 %709 $
20164.01 m3.07 bn $3.4 %766 $
20153.54 m2.82 bn $3.2 %796 $
20143.01 m2.55 bn $3.2 %845 $
20132.86 m2.61 bn $3.4 %911 $
20122.85 m2.61 bn $3.6 %918 $
20112.72 m2.50 bn $3.6 %922 $
20102.53 m2.40 bn $3.7 %946 $
20092.43 m2.25 bn $3.6 %926 $
20082.35 m2.54 bn $4.2 %1,080 $
20072.15 m2.42 bn $4.1 %1,122 $
20062.22 m2.41 bn $4.6 %1,087 $
20052.32 m2.59 bn $6.1 %1,117 $
20042.05 m2.11 bn $5.5 %1,032 $
20031.91 m2.00 bn $5.6 %1,049 $
20021.69 m1.77 bn $5.3 %1,049 $
20011.78 m1.84 bn $5.8 %1,037 $
20001.77 m1.95 bn $6.4 %1,098 $
19991.60 m1.90 bn $6.7 %1,186 $
19981.42 m1.76 bn $6.8 %1,242 $
19971.17 m1.52 bn $6.0 %1,295 $
19961.00 m1.33 bn $5.3 %1,328 $
1995745,0001.10 bn $3.6 %1,477 $

Our data on tourist numbers, revenues and expenditures are based on information from the World Tourism Organization. However, to ensure international comparability, the data for some years or countries were manually researched and corrected if they obviously included visitors without overnight stays. In these cases, the data were taken from the official communications of the respective national tourism authorities.

The World Tourism Organization additionally points out that in some countries, the number of tourists is only counted at airports, while in others they are also counted at border crossings or even hotels. A comprehensive and reliable indication is therefore hardly possible in any country.

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