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Hurricanes in Cuba

Hurricanes only occur occasionally in Cuba. On average, they happen about 3 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Pinar del Río and Artemisa.

The hurricane season usually lasts from early June to late November.

The most severe hurricane to make landfall in Cuba in the past 12 months was »Ian«. It reached a wind speed of up to 204 km/h on September 27, 2022 at 4:30 am local time near San Luis and was 14 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 3 hurricane. On the open sea, speeds of up to 250 km/h were measured (category 4).

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08.02.2023 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent hurricanes in Cuba since 2018

Nicole: November 5-11, 2022

Region:
Caribbean Sea
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1482 km
Air pressure:
below 980 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On November 9th, 2022 at 7:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 465 km north of Sagua la Grande in Villa Clara.

Lisa: October 27 to November 5, 2022

Region:
Caribbean Sea
Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 988 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 31st, 2022 at 2:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 479 km south of Santiago de Cuba.

Ian: September 19 to October 2, 2022

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 250 km/h
on land:
max. 204 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1482 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 937 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Pinar del Río
Artemisa

Fiona: September 12-24, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 932 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 20th, 2022 at 5:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 358 km northwest of Mais in Guantánamo.

Sally: September 11-18, 2020

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 12th, 2020 at 11:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 262 km north of Varadero in Matanzas.

Hanna: July 23-26, 2020

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 148 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 973 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1

Arthur: May 16-21, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 989 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On May 16th, 2020 at 2:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 597 km northwest of Varadero in Matanzas.

Nestor: October 17-21, 2019

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 93 km/h
Diameter:
max. 778 km
Air pressure:
below 996 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 18th, 2019 at 5:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 685 km northeast of Minas de Matahambre in Pinar del Río.

Humberto: September 12-20, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 204 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 950 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 12th, 2019 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 272 km north of Moa in Holguín.

Dorian: August 24 to September 5, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 296 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 910 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 2nd, 2019 at 5:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 468 km northwest of Sagua la Grande in Villa Clara.

Barry: July 10-16, 2019

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On July 10th, 2019 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 688 km northeast of La Esperanza in Pinar del Río.


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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