Volcanos in Chile

At 9 volcanos in Chile there have been a total of 19 siginificant eruptions over the past 2000 years. Over 100 people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 01/01/1949 at the volcano "Villarrica". Only here 54 people died.

29 of 43 volcanos in Chile are considered as still active.

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Significant volcanic eruptions in Chile over the past 2000 years

The following list shows all volcanoes of the last 2000 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the outbreak increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic metres up to 1 kilometre high. From VEI 8 a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Chile was reached in the review period at VEI 5 in 1991. The volcano Hudson, Cerro threw tephramasses of at least 1 cubic kilometer over 25 kilometers high. Such a volcano normally only reaches this intensity every 50 years.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
08/08/1991Hudson, Cerro50
04/05/1973Hudson, Cerro02
08/12/1971Hudson, Cerro35
07/26/1955Carran-Los Venados42

All volcanos in Chile

VolcanoElevationStatusLast eruption
Villarrica2840 mActive10/29/1971
Tinguiririca4300 mSolfatara stage 
San Pedro6159 mActive 
San Jose5830 mActive 
San Felix183 mSolfatara stage 
Rinihue2430 mActive 
Puyehue2240 mActive06/04/2011
Putana5890 mSolfatara stage 
Puquintica5760 mSolfatara stage 
Peteroa4090 mActive 
Oyahue5874 mSolfatara stage 
Osorno2660 mActive 
Olca5310 mSolfatara stage 
Nilahue300 mActive 
Nevados de Chillan3180 mActive 
NevadoOjos delSalado6885 mSolfatara stage 
Nevado Tupungatito5640 mActive 
Minchinmavida2470 mActive 
Lonquimay2890 mActive12/25/1988
Llullaillaco6723 mActive 
Llaima3124 mActive02/09/1937
Licancabur5930 mActive 
Lautaro3380 mActive 
Lastarria5680 mSolfatara stage 
Lascar5641 mActive 
Isluga5530 mActive 
Irruputunco5165 mSolfatara stage 
Huequi1050 mActive 
El Negrillar3500 mPotentially active 
El Janqui915 mActive 
Descabezado Grande3830 mActive 
Corcovado2300 mActive 
Copahue2969 mSolfatara stage 
Cerros'de Tatio4280 mSolfatara stage 
Cerros de Tocorpuri5833 mSolfatara stage 
Cerro Tulapalca4780 mPotentially active 
Cerro Burney1750 mActive 
Cerro Azul3810 mActive 
Cerro Aucanquilcha6148 mSolfatara stage 
Cerro Arintica5590 mSolfatara stage 
Cerro Hudson2600 mActive 
Calbuco2015 mActive04/22/2015
Antuco2985 mActive 

These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.