Volcano Osorno in Chile

Volcanoes in Chile

With 9 volcanoes in Chile there have been a total of 20 significant eruptions over the past 200 years. Over one hundred people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 01/01/1949 with the eruption of "Villarrica". Here, 54 people died.

Out of 43 volcanos in Chile, 29 are considered still active.

Other natural hazards in Chile:
The biggest earthquakes in recent times

Back to overview: Chile

Chile is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, which stretches for about 40,000 km around the Pacific Ocean. Here the tectonic plate of the Pacific collides with several surrounding continental plates and seismic tremors occur again and again. Most of the world's volcanic eruptions, which are also the most severe, occur in this zone.

Significant volcanic eruptions in Chile in the last 200 years

Volcano Osorno in ChileThe following list shows all volcanic eruptions of the last 200 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the eruption increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic meters up to 1 kilometer high. From VEI 8, a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Chile reached in the review period was VEI 5 in 1991. The volcano Hudson, Cerro threw tephramasses of at least 1 cubic kilometer over 25 kilometers high. Such a volcano normally only reaches this intensity every 50 years.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
08/08/1991Hudson, Cerro50
04/05/1973Hudson, Cerro02
08/12/1971Hudson, Cerro35
07/26/1955Carran-Los Venados42

All volcanoes in Chile

VolcanoElevationStatusLast eruption
Antuco2985 mActive
Calbuco2015 mActive04/22/2015
Cerro Hudson2600 mActive
Cerro Arintica5590 mSolfatara stage
Cerro Aucanquilcha6148 mSolfatara stage
Cerro Azul3810 mActive
Cerro Burney1750 mActive
Cerro Tulapalca4780 mPotentially active
Cerros de Tocorpuri5833 mSolfatara stage
Cerros'de Tatio4280 mSolfatara stage
Copahue2969 mSolfatara stage
Corcovado2300 mActive
Descabezado Grande3830 mActive
El Janqui915 mActive
El Negrillar3500 mPotentially active
Huequi1050 mActive
Irruputunco5165 mSolfatara stage
Isluga5530 mActive
Lascar5641 mActive
Lastarria5680 mSolfatara stage
Lautaro3380 mActive
Licancabur5930 mActive
Llaima3124 mActive02/09/1937
Llullaillaco6723 mActive
Lonquimay2890 mActive12/25/1988
Minchinmavida2470 mActive
Nevado Tupungatito5640 mActive
NevadoOjos delSalado6885 mSolfatara stage
Nevados de Chillan3180 mActive
Nilahue300 mActive
Olca5310 mSolfatara stage
Osorno2660 mActive
Oyahue5874 mSolfatara stage
Peteroa4090 mActive
Puquintica5760 mSolfatara stage
Putana5890 mSolfatara stage
Puyehue2240 mActive06/04/2011
Rinihue2430 mActive
San Felix183 mSolfatara stage
San Jose5830 mActive
San Pedro6159 mActive
Tinguiririca4300 mSolfatara stage
Villarrica2840 mActive10/29/1971

These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.
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