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Transport and infrastructure in Canada

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Canada with the average of all countries in America. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Canada ranks 2nd in the world with 2.05 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 77,932 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 433.14 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 1.60 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 202,080 km of coastline. In 2020, about 6.20 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Canada


Back to overview: Canada

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 1.04 million km. For each of the country's 38.04 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 27.40 meters. This puts Canada in 17th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 4 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 2116 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Canada is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 5.8 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Canada, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


 

Canada

 totalper 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways1,042,300 km27,402.12 km104.39 m
Railroads77,900 km2,048.84 km7.81 m
Waterways636 km16.72 km0.06 m
Commercial harbors67917.850.000
Airports1,46738.570.147
 

North America

 total per 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways7,629,500 km20,638.95 km347.07 m
Railroads371,500 km1,004.96 km16.90 m
Waterways41,600 km112.66 km1.89 m
Commercial harbors4,46112.070.000
Airports14,99840.570.001


Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
UNCTAD
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Canada: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in CanadaThe 30 biggest airports and 24 airlines in Canada with further information and data
Canada: ClimateClimate and temperature development in CanadaA climate analysis for Canada incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing