Energy consumption in Canada

The most important measure in the energy balance of Canada is the total consumption of
516.60 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 14,073 kWh.


Canada could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 643 bn kWh, which is 125% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Canada is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalCanada
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption516.60 bn kWh14,073.19 kWh5,402.93 kWh
Production643.20 bn kWh17,522.03 kWh5,821.08 kWh
Import9.30 bn kWh253.43 kWh729.98 kWh
Export73.35 bn kWh1,998.20 kWh718.00 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
Canada
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production3.68 m bbl0.100 bbl0.005 bbl
Import892,500.00 bbl0.024 bbl0.019 bbl
Export2.67 m bbl0.073 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
Canada
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption114.80 bn m³3,127.38 m³1,162.59 m³
Production149.90 bn m³4,083.57 m³445.10 m³
Import19.63 bn m³534.76 m³758.58 m³
Export78.25 bn m³2,131.68 m³387.80 m³



Carbon footprint

totalCanada
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 2014537.19 m t14.63 t5.39 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Canada
percentage
in Canada
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Canada
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels340.05 bn kWh26,3 %48,9 %9,263.70 kWh7,981.10 kWh
Nuclear power118.95 bn kWh9,2 %7,2 %3,240.53 kWh1,183.83 kWh
Water power694.33 bn kWh53,7 %23,4 %18,914.86 kWh3,823.32 kWh
Renewable energy147.40 bn kWh11,4 %16,2 %4,015.44 kWh2,650.77 kWh
Total production capacity1,292.98 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %35,223.20 kWh16,333.99 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 22.0 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: