Transport and infrastructure in Brazil

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Brazil with the average of all countries in America. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Brazil ranks 75th in the world with 0.14 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 29,850 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 16.49 billion passenger-kilometers in 2019.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 7,491 km of coastline. In 2021, about 11.80 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Brazil

Back to overview: Brazil

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 2.00 million km. For each of the country's 214.33 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 9.33 meters. This puts Brazil in 56th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 25 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 41403 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Brazil is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to 19.9 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Brazil, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,000,000 km9,331.57 km234.86 m
Railroads29,900 km139.27 km3.51 m
Waterways50,000 km233.29 km5.87 m
Commercial harbors8644.030.000

South America

 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,101,100 km7,134.46 km174.14 m
Railroads85,100 km195.82 km4.78 m
Waterways119,400 km274.61 km6.70 m
Commercial harbors2,2605.200.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Brazil: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in BrazilThe 30 biggest airports and 8 airlines in Brazil with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Brazil: ClimateClimate and temperature development in BrazilA climate analysis for Brazil incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing