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Transport and infrastructure in Brazil

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Brazil with the average of all countries in America. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Brazil ranks 75th in the world with 0.14 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 29,850 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 15.81 billion passenger-kilometers in 2017.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 7,491 km of coastline. In 2020, about 10.38 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Brazil


Back to overview: Brazil

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 2.00 million km. For each of the country's 212.56 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 9.41 meters. This puts Brazil in 55th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 25 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 42244 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Brazil is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 20.5 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Brazil, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


 

Brazil

 totalper 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways2,000,000 km9,409.13 km234.86 m
Railroads29,900 km140.43 km3.51 m
Waterways50,000 km235.23 km5.87 m
Commercial harbors8644.060.000
Airports4,09319.260.481
 

South America

 total per 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways3,097,400 km7,189.46 km173.93 m
Railroads85,100 km197.57 km4.78 m
Waterways119,400 km277.06 km6.70 m
Commercial harbors2,2275.170.000
Airports9,35921.720.001


Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
UNCTAD
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Brazil: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in BrazilThe 30 biggest airports and 13 airlines in Brazil with further information and data
Brazil: ClimateClimate and temperature development in BrazilA climate analysis for Brazil incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing