The climate in Brazil

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 210 measuring stations in Brazil.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1160m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Brazil

Climate zone: The northern part of Brazil is located in the equatorial tropics, the southern parts of the country belong geographically to the subtropics.

High humidity in Brazil and high temperatures are causing a pleasant weather at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 26 degrees. The warmest and rainiest state is Roraima. The coldest is Rio Grande do Sul. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from July to October. Most precipitation decrease from January to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Brazil

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Brazil
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Brazil
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Brazil
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Brazil
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Brazil
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Brazil

Temperature records of the last 72 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to June 2021 was reported by the Poxoreo weather station. In October 2020 the record temperature of 44.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 163 weather stations in Brazil below 1160 metres altitude, was recorded in 2020 with an average temperature of 24.6 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 23.4 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 30.4 °C.

The coldest day in these 72 years was reported by the weather station Irati. Here the temperature dropped to -3.9 °C in July 2019. Irati lies at an altitude of 882 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1965 with an average temperature of 24.3 °C. In Brazil, it is usual to have about 1.2 degrees more at 25.5 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in September 2013. With 333.3 mm per day, the Vilhena weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 72 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Belem. The driest region is near Petrolina.

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.
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