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The 5 BRICS countries

The BRICS countries are an association of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The abbreviation consists of the first letters of the country names. This refers to a group of the five countries (initially without South Africa), that belong to the emerging economies.

A total of 3.24 billion people live in these five countries, 41.04 percent of the world's population. China and India are the most populous countries in the world and thus account for the largest share by far.
Map of member countries: BRICS Countries
CountryPopulationArea
Brazil214.33 M8,516,000 km²
China1,412.36 M9,563,000 km²
India1,407.56 M3,287,000 km²
Russia143.45 M17,098,000 km²
South Africa59.39 M1,219,000 km²


The name derives from the major US bank Goldman Sachs, which attested to outstanding growth rates of over 5 percent per annum to the original four emerging markets of Brazil, Russia, India and China. Since 2011, South Africa has also been a member of the Group at China's invitation.

Dependent territories

Some of the above-mentioned member states have other external territories dependent on them. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. The BRICS Countries treaties apply to them at least in part. These countries are not listed as official member states.

CountryRegionDependency
Hong KongEast AsiaSpecial administrative region of China
MacaoEast AsiaSpecial administrative region of China
TaiwanEast AsiaTerritory of China