The 5 BRICS countries

The BRICS countries are an association of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The abbreviation consists of the initial letters of the country names. This refers to a group of the 5 countries (initially without South Africa), which belong to the emerging economies.

A total of 3.18 billion people live in these 5 countries, 41.42 percent of the world's population. China and India are the most populous countries in the world and thus account for by far the largest share.
CountryRegionAreaPopulation
BrazilSouth America8,516,000 km²211.05 M
ChinaEast Asia9,563,000 km²1,397.72 M
IndiaSouth Asia3,287,000 km²1,366.42 M
RussiaEastern Europe17,098,000 km²144.37 M
South AfricaSouthern Africa1,219,000 km²58.56 M


The name derives from the major US bank Goldman Sachs, which attested outstanding growth rates of over 5% per annum to the original 4 emerging markets of Brazil, Russia, India and China. Since 2011, South Africa has also been a member of the Group at China's invitation.

Dependent territories

Some of the above member states have other dependent outlying areas. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. The treaties concluded by the BRICS apply to them at least in part. However, these countries are not listed as official member states.

CountryRegionDependency
Hong KongEast AsiaSonderverwaltungszone Chinas
MacaoEast AsiaSonderverwaltungszone Chinas
TaiwanEast AsiaTerritory of China