Transport and infrastructure in Zimbabwe

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Zimbabwe with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Zimbabwe ranks 62nd in the world with 0.21 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,427 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 703.00 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 17.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2020.

Airports in Zimbabwe

Back to overview: Zimbabwe

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 97,267 km. For each of the country's 15.99 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 6.08 meters. This puts Zimbabwe in 93rd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 41 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 5801 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Zimbabwe is considered very dangerous. This corresponds to 39.4 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Zimbabwe, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways97,300 km6,081.65 km248.92 m
Railroads3,400 km214.27 km8.77 m
Waterways223 km13.94 km0.57 m
Commercial harbors00.000.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9055.670.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Zimbabwe: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in ZimbabweThe 3 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Zimbabwe with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Zimbabwe: ClimateClimate details in ZimbabweA climate analysis for Zimbabwe incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing