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Natural gas and oil in Somalia

Energy consumption in Somalia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Somalia is the total consumption of
315.30 million kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 18 kWh.

Somalia can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 339 m kWh, also 108 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Somalia

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalSomalia
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption315.30 m kWh18.48 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production339.00 m kWh19.86 kWh12,338.29 kWh

49.7% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 32.3%

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Somalia
per capita
USA
per capita
total690,000.00 t0.04 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Somalia


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Somalia
Percentage
in Somalia
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Somalia
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels692.48 m kWh93,0 %70,0 %40.58 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy52.12 m kWh7,0 %14,0 %3.05 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity744.60 m kWh100,0 %100,0 %43.63 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production339.00 m kWh45.5 %43.0 %19.86 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 95.0 percent of actual total consumption in Somalia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Somalia
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