Energy consumption in Somalia

The most important measure in the energy balance of Somalia is the total consumption of
315.30 million kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 21 kWh.


Somalia can provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 339 m kWh, also 108% of own requirements. The rest of the self-produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Somalia

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalSomalia
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption315.30 m kWh21.01 kWh5,510.65 kWh
Production339.00 m kWh22.59 kWh5,924.84 kWh



Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions in 2014Somalia
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
total608,722.00 t0.05 t6.38 t
› of which diesel + gasoline608,722.00 t0.05 t2.63 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1979 to 2014 in million tons

Carbon footprint Somalia



Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Somalia
percentage
in Somalia
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Somalia
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels692.48 m kWh93,0 %49,2 %46.14 kWh8,114.79 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh1,154.21 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %24,1 %0.00 kWh3,976.91 kWh
Renewable energy52.12 m kWh7,0 %19,7 %3.47 kWh3,274.18 kWh
Total production capacity744.60 m kWh100,0 %100,0 %49.61 kWh16,488.68 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 94.3 percent of actual total consumption in Somalia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015:

Renewable energy Somalia