Natural gas and oil in Somalia

Energy consumption in Somalia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Somalia is the total consumption of
315.30 million kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 19 kWh.

Somalia can provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 339 m kWh, also 108% of own requirements. The rest of the self-produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Somalia

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption315.30 m kWh19.27 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production339.00 m kWh20.72 kWh12,338.29 kWh

49.7% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 32.3%

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total690,000.00 t0.04 t14.67 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Somalia

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Somalia
in Somalia
per capita
in Somalia
per capita
Fossil fuels692.48 m kWh93,0 %70,0 %42.33 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy52.12 m kWh7,0 %14,0 %3.19 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity744.60 m kWh100,0 %100,0 %45.51 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production339.00 m kWh45.5 %43.0 %20.72 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energies accounted for around 95.0 percent of actual total consumption in Somalia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Somalia
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Canada: ClimateClimate and temperature development in CanadaA climate analysis for Canada incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls