Transport and infrastructure in Senegal

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Senegal with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Senegal ranks 104th in the world with 0.05 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 906 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 531 km of coastline. In 2020, about 696,899 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Senegal

Back to overview: Senegal

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 16,665 km. For each of the country's 16.88 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.99 meters. This puts Senegal in 202nd place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 86 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 3654 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Senegal is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 24.0 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Senegal, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,700 km987.45 km84.72 m
Railroads900 km53.68 km4.61 m
Waterways1,000 km59.25 km5.08 m
Commercial harbors352.070.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Senegal: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in SenegalThe 7 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Senegal with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Senegal: ClimateClimate details in SenegalA climate analysis for Senegal incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing