Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Rwanda

Compared to the United States, Rwanda is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +250, there were a total of 10.91 million connections in 2021. Among them were 10.90 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.81 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 1,447 webhosts, Rwanda is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 1,061 of these, or about 73 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

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Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 9.6 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Rwanda ranks 153rd in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 6.8 Mbit/second (143rd place).

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in October 2022 from 180 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Rwanda from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in Rwanda 2004 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerRwanda is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 24 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 0 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in Rwanda. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 81 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.

Distribution in 2021Rwanda
Broadband users31,902.000.24 %127.03 m38.27 %
Landlines11,893.000.09 %97.11 m29.26 %
Mobile cellulars10.90 m80.99 %361.62 m108.96 %

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