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Rwanda

Presidential republic
independant since 1962
Rwanda
Region:
Eastern Africa
Area:
26,340 km²
Local name:
Rwanda / Urwanda
Capital:
Kigali
Rwanda on the world map

Geography

Rwanda is a landlocked country a little bit south of the equator in East Africa. The land has a total area of 26,340 km² (10,170 mi²). This land area is approximately 105% of the area of Maryland. Rwanda is thus one of the smallest countries in Africa by area and ranked 149th worldwide. With 479 inhabitants per km², it is also one of the most densely populated countries. It lies at an average elevation of 1598 m above sea level and is therefore one of the highest countries in the world.

There is no access to the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 4 neighbouring countries Burundi, Congo (Dem. Republic), Tanzania and Uganda. The distance between New York City and the Capital Kigali is about 11,340 km (7,046 mi).

Population

Population:12,627,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 71.1 years
Birthrate:
31.2 ‰
Deathrate:
5.1 ‰
Males/Females:
49.2% : 50.9%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Rwanda 2019
The currency in Rwanda is Rwandan Franc (RWF).
1 Franc is divided into 100 Centimes.
Status: 05/15/2021
1 US Dollar = 982.50 Francs
1000 Francs = 1.02 US Dollar

The climate in Rwanda

In Rwanda, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 26 and 28 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 29 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 15°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Rwanda
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Languages

Official language:
Kinyarwanda, French

mother tonguedistribution
Kinyarwanda93.2 %
English0.1 %
French0.1 %
other6.6 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Adventists12.2%
Roman Catholics49.5%
other Protestants27.2%
other Christs4.5%
Muslims1.8%
nondenominational3.6%
other1.2%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.02 bn $
Exportations:2,042.6 M $
Importations:3,143.5 M $
Tourism receipts:635.90 M $
Unemployment rate:1.4 %
Inflation rate:3.35 %
corruption index:54 (moderate)
Energy consumption:527.3 M kWh

Due to its political and financial situation, Rwanda is considered one of the least developed countries in the world and is also one of the heavily indebted poor countries.

Land use

73% Agricultural areas:19,344 km²
19% Forest:5,126 km²
0% Water areas:1,670 km²
7% Others:1,870 km²

Transport

Roadways:4,700 km
Airports:7

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
Kigali / CapitalKigali745,000
GitaramaSouthern Province138,000
ButareSouthern Province137,000
MusanzeNorthern Province87,000
GisenyiWestern Province84,000
ByumbaNorthern Province71,000
CyanguguWestern Province64,000
KibuyeWestern Province48,000
RwamaganaEastern Province47,000
KibungoEastern Province46,000
NzegaSouthern Province34,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 2007



Existing trade agreements



Alliances

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