Natural gas and oil in Rwanda

Energy consumption in Rwanda

The most important figure in the energy balance of Rwanda is the total consumption of
1.01 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 75 kWh.

Rwanda could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is one bn kWh, which is 105 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Rwanda trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption1.01 bn kWh74.83 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production1.06 bn kWh78.73 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import93.96 m kWh6.98 kWh185.15 kWh
Export4.50 m kWh0.33 kWh42.59 kWh

46.6% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity. In rural areas, the share was 38.2%

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total1.33 m t0.10 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline1.19 bn t92.64 t7,179.51 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Rwanda

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Rwanda
in Rwanda
per capita
in Rwanda
per capita
Fossil fuels905.35 m kWh39,0 %59,9 %67.25 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy150.89 m kWh6,5 %3,2 %11.21 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power0.00 kWh0,0 %8,3 %0.00 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power1.25 bn kWh53,9 %7,0 %92.95 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass13.93 m kWh0,6 %1,7 %1.03 kWh0.06 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 77.9 percent of actual total consumption in Rwanda. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Rwanda
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Austria: ClimateClimate and temperature development in AustriaA climate analysis for Austria incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls