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Natural gas and oil in Nigeria

Energy consumption in Nigeria

The most important figure in the energy balance of Nigeria is the total consumption of
24.61 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 115 kWh.

Nigeria can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 29 bn kWh, also 119 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Nigeria

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalNigeria
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption24.61 bn kWh115.33 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production29.32 bn kWh137.41 kWh12,198.66 kWh

55.4% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity. In rural areas, the share was 24.6%
Crude OilBarrel/dayNigeria
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption483,100.00 bbl0.002 bbl0.062 bbl
Production1.65 m bbl0.008 bbl0.054 bbl
Export1.89 m bbl0.009 bbl0.006 bbl

In 2021 there were still 36.89 bn barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Nigeria. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.7 tn billion barrels. Nigeria therefore has a share of 2.16% and ranks 11th out of 211 countries with crude oil reserves.

Natural GasCubic metersNigeria
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption18.79 bn m³88.04 m³2,583.79 m³
Production46.30 bn m³216.95 m³2,914.02 m³
Import0.00 m³0.00 m³239.57 m³
Export27.51 bn m³128.91 m³567.66 m³


CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Nigeria
per capita
USA
per capita
total115.28 m t0.57 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline67.41 bn t331.55 t7,179.51 t
› of which natural gas36.86 bn t181.28 t5,073.94 t
› of which coal231.00 m t1.14 t3,246.58 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Nigeria


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Nigeria
Percentage
in Nigeria
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Nigeria
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels79.98 bn kWh78,1 %59,9 %374.81 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy204.83 m kWh0,2 %3,2 %0.96 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power0.00 kWh0,0 %8,3 %0.00 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power22.22 bn kWh21,7 %7,0 %104.14 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass102.41 m kWh0,1 %1,7 %0.48 kWh0.06 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 100.10 percent and may not be accurate. Worlddata.info receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 81.4 percent of actual total consumption in Nigeria. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Nigeria
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