The climate in Nigeria

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 21 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1290m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Nigeria
Climate zone: tropics
The climate in Nigeria is very warm, with an annual average of 34 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. The warmest and rainiest state is Yobe. The coldest is Plateau. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from November to April. Sometimes humidity ist unpleasantly high from July to September. The most rain days occur from from June to October.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Nigeria
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Nigeria
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Nigeria
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Nigeria
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Nigeria
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Nigeria
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Nigeria

Federal states in Nigeria

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
Federal stateTemperature
max Ø day
min Ø night
Abuja Federal Capital Territory31.5 °C20.4 °C2,738 h91 66.0 %
Adamawa35.3 °C23.1 °C2,665 h60 905 l56.0 %
Borno36.8 °C21.4 °C3,139 h37 358 l49.0 %
Jigawa35.8 °C19.6 °C3,030 h52 595 l47.0 %
Kaduna33.5 °C21.9 °C2,482 h80 1,073 l63.0 %
Kano33.3 °C19.7 °C2,957 h49 47.0 %
Katsina35.5 °C21.4 °C3,030 h43 526 l43.0 %
Kebbi36.2 °C23.3 °C2,957 h61 763 l49.0 %
Lagos31.4 °C23.8 °C1,643 h112 1,584 l83.0 %
Niger33.5 °C21.9 °C2,482 h80 1,059 l63.0 %
Ogun31.0 °C24.9 °C2,154 h83 1,427 l84.0 %
Plateau27.4 °C16.3 °C2,665 h106 57.0 %
Rivers31.0 °C22.4 °C1,387 h144 84.0 %
Sokoto36.8 °C22.7 °C3,103 h49 485 l
Taraba33.0 °C21.2 °C2,446 h104 1,241 l70.0 %
Yobe36.9 °C21.6 °C3,139 h37 376 l

Temperature records of the last 70 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1952 to August 2022 was reported by the Yola weather station. In April 2010 the record temperature of 46.4 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 10 weather stations in Nigeria below 1290 metres altitude, was recorded in 1981 with an average temperature of 26.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 25.7 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 70 years was reported by the weather station Yola. Here the temperature dropped to 11.1 °C in November 2015. Yola lies at an altitude of 186 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1957 with an average temperature of 26.6 °C. In Nigeria, it is usual to have about 1.1 degrees more at 27.6 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in July 1955. With 25.8 mm per day, the Port Harcourt weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 70 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Port Harcourt. The driest region is near Maiduguri.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 12 stations in Nigeria itself. In 9 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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