Energy sources in Mozambique

Energy consumption in Mozambique

The most important figure in the energy balance of Mozambique is the total consumption of
12.72 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 397 kWh.

Mozambique could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 18 bn kWh, which is 141 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Mozambique trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Mozambique

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption12.72 bn kWh396.67 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production17.99 bn kWh560.75 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import8.28 bn kWh258.00 kWh185.15 kWh
Export10.77 bn kWh335.79 kWh42.59 kWh

30.6% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity. In rural areas, the share was 4.5%
Natural GasCubic metersMozambique
per capita
per capita
Own consumption1.40 bn m³43.57 m³2,583.79 m³
Production5.42 bn m³169.09 m³2,914.02 m³
Import0.00 m³0.00 m³239.57 m³
Export4.07 bn m³126.80 m³567.66 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total7.50 m t0.25 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline4.74 bn t156.61 t7,179.51 t
› of which natural gas2.90 bn t95.79 t5,073.94 t
› of which coal109.00 m t3.60 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Mozambique

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Mozambique
in Mozambique
per capita
in Mozambique
per capita
Fossil fuels4.75 bn kWh19,6 %59,9 %148.00 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy48.44 m kWh0,2 %3,2 %1.51 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power0.00 kWh0,0 %8,3 %0.00 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power19.28 bn kWh79,6 %7,0 %601.06 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass145.33 m kWh0,6 %1,7 %4.53 kWh0.06 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 78.1 percent of actual total consumption in Mozambique. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Mozambique
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Heavily Indebted Poor CountriesList of the 36 Heavily Indebted Poor CountriesInformation on the 36 heavily indebted states that could not survive without subsidies.