Energy sources in Mozambique

Energy consumption in Mozambique

The most important figure in the energy balance of Mozambique is the total consumption of
11.57 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 360 kWh.

Mozambique could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 18 bn kWh, which is 159% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Mozambique is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption11.57 bn kWh359.73 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production18.39 bn kWh571.77 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import9.93 bn kWh308.68 kWh219.11 kWh
Export12.88 bn kWh400.46 kWh29.21 kWh

30.6% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 4.5%
Natural GasCubic metersMozambique
per capita
per capita
Own consumption1.84 bn m³57.24 m³2,312.79 m³
Production6.00 bn m³186.64 m³2,328.46 m³
Export4.16 bn m³129.40 m³270.27 m³

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total7.50 m t0.25 t14.67 t

Development of CO2 emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Mozambique

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Mozambique
in Mozambique
per capita
in Mozambique
per capita
Fossil fuels3.68 bn kWh16,0 %70,0 %114.44 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power19.09 bn kWh83,0 %7,0 %593.64 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy230.04 m kWh1,0 %14,0 %7.15 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity23.00 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %715.22 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production18.39 bn kWh79.9 %43.0 %571.77 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energies accounted for around 78.1 percent of actual total consumption in Mozambique. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Mozambique
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
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