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Cyclones in Mozambique

Cyclones only occur occasionally in Mozambique. On average, they happen about 3 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Nampula, Cabo Delgado and Zambézia.

The typical cyclone season depends on the summer monsoon. In the months before (May to June) and after (October to November), the most severe storms occur.

The most severe cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique in the past 12 months was »Gombe«. It reached a wind speed of up to 165 km/h on March 11, 2022 at 5:00 am local time near Ilha de Moçambique and was 13 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 2 cyclone. On the open sea, speeds of up to 183 km/h were even measured (category 3).

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05.10.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent cyclones in Mozambique since 2018

Jasmine: April 24-28, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 100 km/h
Diameter:
max. 963 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On April 24th, 2022 at 2:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 147 km south of António Enes in Nampula.

Gombe: March 8-14, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 183 km/h
on land:
max. 165 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 959 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Nampula

Dumako: February 13-16, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 94 km/h
Diameter:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 995 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On February 16th, 2022 at 2:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 463 km southwest of Ilha de Moçambique in Nampula.

Ana: January 23-25, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 93 km/h
on land:
max. 87 km/h
Diameter:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Nampula

Jobo: April 21-24, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 995 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On April 24th, 2021 at 8:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 361 km north of Mocímboa in Cabo Delgado.

Eloise: January 17-21, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 94 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 994 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On January 21st, 2021 at 5:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 198 km southwest of António Enes in Nampula.

Chalane: December 25-30, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 241 km
Air pressure:
below 990 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On December 30th, 2020 at 2:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 150 km northwest of Beira in Sofala.

Diane: January 22-29, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 985 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On January 22nd, 2020 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 336 km southwest of Ilha de Moçambique in Nampula.

Belna: December 2-11, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 189 km/h
Diameter:
max. 204 km
Air pressure:
below 957 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On December 09th, 2019 at 8:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 465 km west of Ilha de Moçambique in Nampula.

Kenneth: April 21-28, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 226 km/h
on land:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 148 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 934 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Cabo Delgado

Idai: March 4-16, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
on land:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 940 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Zambézia
Nampula
Niassa
Sofala
Manica

Eketsang: January 23-26, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 219 km
Air pressure:
below 992 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On January 23rd, 2019 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 493 km south of António Enes in Nampula.

Desmond: January 17-22, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 989 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On January 22nd, 2019 at 2:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 110 km southeast of Quelimane in Zambézia.


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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