The climate in Mali

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 15 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Mali

Climate zone: tropics

It is warm or hot yearlong. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Gao. The coldest is Kidal.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Mali
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Mali
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Mali
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Mali
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Mali
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Mali

Regions in Mali

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Bamako34.6 °C21.0 °C2,957 h70 1,077 l49.0 %
Gao38.1 °C23.5 °C3,139 h30 193 l28.0 %
Kayes36.2 °C23.1 °C2,957 h73 1,007 l44.0 %
Kidal34.2 °C21.2 °C88 l
Koulikoro34.6 °C21.0 °C2,957 h70 1,077 l49.0 %
Mopti36.2 °C22.1 °C3,176 h44 584 l39.0 %
Ségou36.2 °C22.9 °C2,993 h56 770 l48.0 %
Sikasso34.4 °C22.0 °C2,920 h79 1,135 l56.0 %
Tombouctou37.1 °C21.8 °C3,103 h23 175 l33.0 %

Temperature records of the last 74 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to January 2023 was reported by the Kita weather station. In April 2021, the record temperature of 49.8 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 18 weather stations in Mali , was recorded in 1987 with an average temperature of 29.5 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.1 degrees Celsius.

The coldest day in these 74 years was reported by the Nara weather station. Here the temperature dropped to 0.9 °C in January 2012. Nara lies at an altitude of 265 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2012 with an average temperature of 24.9 °C. In Mali, it is usual to have about 2.3 degrees more at 27.2 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in August 1962. With 22.6 mm per day, the Kenieba weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 74 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Sikasso. The driest region is near Tombouktou.

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
International tourismThe 40 most popular travel countriesA ranking of international tourism over 40 countries. USA ranks 3rd.
Norway: EnergyEnergy consumption in NorwayEnergy balance and production capacities in Norway including comparison with the USA