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The climate in Mali

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 15 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Mali
Climate zone: tropics
It is yearlong warm or hot. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Gao. The coldest is Kidal.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Mali
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Mali
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Mali
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Mali
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Mali
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Mali

Regions in Mali

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
RegionTemperature
max Ø day
Temperature
min Ø night
Sunshine
hours
Rainy
days
PrecipitationHumidity
Bamako34.7 °C21.0 °C2,957 h70 1,037 l49.0 %
Gao38.3 °C23.8 °C3,066 h30 190 l28.0 %
Kayes36.3 °C23.0 °C2,957 h73 967 l44.0 %
Kidal34.2 °C21.2 °C88 l
Koulikoro34.7 °C21.0 °C2,957 h70 1,037 l49.0 %
Mopti36.2 °C22.1 °C3,176 h44 584 l39.0 %
Ségou36.3 °C22.9 °C2,993 h56 723 l48.0 %
Sikasso34.4 °C21.9 °C2,920 h79 1,069 l56.0 %
Tombouctou37.1 °C21.8 °C3,103 h23 175 l33.0 %

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to May 2022 was reported by the Kita weather station. In April 2021 the record temperature of 49.8 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 18 weather stations in Mali , was recorded in 1987 with an average temperature of 29.5 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.1 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Nara. Here the temperature dropped to 0.9 °C in January 2012. Nara lies at an altitude of 265 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2012 with an average temperature of 24.9 °C. In Mali, it is usual to have about 2.3 degrees more at 27.2 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in August 1962. With 22.6 mm per day, the Kenieba weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Kenieba. The driest region is near Tombouktou Airp.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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