Worlddata.info

Transport and infrastructure in Madagascar

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Madagascar with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Madagascar ranks 121st in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 836 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 122.34 million tons and kilometers traveled.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 4,828 km of coastline. In 2019, about 199,712.50 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Madagascar


Back to overview: Madagascar

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 31,640 km. For each of the country's 28.43 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.11 meters. This puts Madagascar in 198th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 48 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 7181 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Madagascar is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 28.4 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Madagascar, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


 

Madagascar

 totalper 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways31,600 km1,113.01 km53.87 m
Railroads800 km29.41 km1.42 m
Waterways600 km21.11 km1.02 m
Commercial harbors270.950.000
Airports371.300.063
 

Africa

 total per 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000
Airports4130.300.000


Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
UNCTAD
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Madagascar: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in MadagascarThe 30 biggest airports and Air Madagascar in Madagascar with further information and data
Madagascar: ClimateClimate details in MadagascarA climate analysis for Madagascar incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing