Transport and infrastructure in Madagascar

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Madagascar with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Madagascar ranks 120th in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 836 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 122.34 million tons and kilometers traveled.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 4,828 km of coastline. In 2019, about 199,712.50 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Madagascar

Back to overview: Madagascar

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 31,640 km. For each of the country's 28.92 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.09 meters. This puts Madagascar in 198th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 49 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 7436 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Madagascar is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 28.5 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Madagascar, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways31,600 km1,094.22 km53.87 m
Railroads800 km28.91 km1.42 m
Waterways600 km20.75 km1.02 m
Commercial harbors270.930.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Madagascar: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in MadagascarThe 30 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Madagascar with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Madagascar: ClimateClimate details in MadagascarA climate analysis for Madagascar incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing