Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Madagascar

Compared to the United States, Madagascar is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +261, there were a total of 16.31 million connections in 2021. Among them were 16.28 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.56 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 38,392 webhosts, Madagascar is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 286 of these, or about 1 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

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Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 30.32 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Madagascar ranks 109th in an international comparison. The upload rate was 33.41 Mbit/second (55th place).

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in December 2022 from 178 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Madagascar from 1990 - 2019

Broadband internet in Madagascar 2006 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerMadagascar is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 10 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 0 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in Madagascar. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 56 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.

Distribution in 2021Madagascar
Broadband users30,933.000.11 %127.03 m38.27 %
Landlines26,271.000.09 %97.11 m29.26 %
Mobile cellulars16.28 m56.30 %361.62 m108.96 %

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