The climate in Madagascar

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 27 measuring stations in Madagascar.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1530m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Madagascar

Climate zone: The northern part of Madagascar is located in the equatorial tropics, the southern parts of the country belong geographically to the subtropics.

High humidity in Madagascar and high temperatures are causing a pleasant weather at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 26 degrees. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Boeny. The coldest is Upper Matsiatra. Because of the lower temperatures the best time for traveling is in July. Try to avoid the rainy season from December to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Madagascar

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Madagascar
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Madagascar
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Madagascar
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Madagascar
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Madagascar
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Madagascar

Temperature records of the last 70 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1951 to November 2021 was reported by the Ranohira weather station. In February 2020 the record temperature of 49.4 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 27 weather stations in Madagascar below 1530 metres altitude, was recorded in 2011 with an average temperature of 23.1 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 22.2 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 27.6 °C.

The coldest day in these 70 years was reported by the weather station Ranohira. Here the temperature dropped to -23.6 °C in July 2017. Ranohira lies at an altitude of 824 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1965 with an average temperature of 25.3 °C. In Madagascar, it is usual to have about 1.1 degrees more at 26.4 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in May 2002. With 47.6 mm per day, the Toamasina weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 70 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Toamasina. The driest region is near Toliara.

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.
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