The climate in Kenya

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 15 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 2130m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Kenya

Climate zone: tropics

It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Turkana. The coldest is Uasin Gishu.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Kenya
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Kenya
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Kenya
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Kenya
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Kenya
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Kenya
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Kenya

Country parts in Kenya

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

country partTemperature
max Ø day
min Ø night
Garissa34.7 °C23.5 °C2,993 h32 314 l56.0 %
Kajiado25.4 °C14.2 °C2,336 h80 829 l66.0 %
Kiambu25.4 °C14.2 °C2,336 h80 829 l66.0 %
Kilifi30.5 °C23.4 °C2,811 h92 989 l80.0 %
Kisumu29.4 °C17.0 °C2,847 h106 69.0 %
Kwale30.7 °C22.7 °C2,774 h94 1,022 l80.0 %
Laikipia26.3 °C9.8 °C2,592 h124 66.0 %
Lamu28.9 °C23.7 °C3,249 h72 78.0 %
Machakos25.4 °C14.2 °C2,336 h80 829 l66.0 %
Mandera35.4 °C24.3 °C3,066 h28 343 l
Marsabit27.7 °C18.4 °C2,592 h83 723 l
Mombasa30.7 °C22.7 °C2,774 h94 1,022 l80.0 %
Nairobi Area25.4 °C14.2 °C2,336 h80 829 l66.0 %
Nakuru25.4 °C14.0 °C2,373 h83 829 l66.0 %
Nandi24.1 °C12.3 °C2,847 h126 1,267 l69.0 %
Trans Nzoia26.4 °C12.5 °C2,519 h152 1,438 l63.0 %
Turkana35.4 °C24.2 °C3,395 h26 274 l44.0 %
Uasin Gishu23.5 °C11.7 °C2,847 h130 1,267 l

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to March 2022 was reported by the Mandera weather station. In April 2019 the record temperature of 41.6 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 17 weather stations in Kenya below 2130 metres altitude, was recorded in 1972 with an average temperature of 25.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 23.6 degrees Celsius.

The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Airport. Here the temperature dropped to 2.8 °C in July 2002. Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Airport lies at an altitude of 1624 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1957 with an average temperature of 17.8 °C. In Kenya, it is usual to have about 8.4 degrees more at 26.2 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in November 1994. With 22.0 mm per day, the Meru weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Kitale. The driest region is near Lodwar.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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