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The climate in Kenya

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 19 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 2130m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Kenya
Climate zone: tropics
It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. The warmest and also rainiest greaster region is North-Eastern. The coldest is Nyanza.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Kenya
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Kenya
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Kenya
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Kenya
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Kenya
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Kenya
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Kenya

Greater regions in Kenya

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
Greater regionTemperature
max Ø day
Temperature
min Ø night
Sunshine
hours
Rainy
days
PrecipitationHumidity
Central25.4 °C14.0 °C2,373 h83 821 l66.0 %
Coast30.5 °C23.4 °C2,884 h92 989 l79.0 %
Eastern25.6 °C15.2 °C2,409 h78 792 l66.0 %
Nairobi Area25.3 °C14.2 °C2,336 h80 821 l66.0 %
North-Eastern35.0 °C24.0 °C2,993 h29 307 l56.0 %
Nyanza24.1 °C12.3 °C2,847 h126 1,267 l69.0 %
Rift Valley27.5 °C15.5 °C2,738 h96 909 l62.0 %
Western25.4 °C13.3 °C2,519 h112 1,080 l66.0 %

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to September 2022 was reported by the Mandera weather station. In April 2019 the record temperature of 41.6 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 17 weather stations in Kenya below 2130 metres altitude, was recorded in 1972 with an average temperature of 25.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 23.6 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Airport. Here the temperature dropped to 2.8 °C in July 2002. Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Airport lies at an altitude of 1624 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1957 with an average temperature of 17.8 °C. In Kenya, it is usual to have about 8.4 degrees more at 26.2 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in November 1994. With 22.0 mm per day, the Meru weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Kitale. The driest region is near Lodwar.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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