Symbol image: cell tower

Mobile communications and Internet in Ghana

Compared to the United States, Ghana is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +233, there were a total of 40.77 million connections in 2021. Among them were 40.45 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.2 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 59,086 webhosts, Ghana is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 1,846 of these, or about 3 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Ghana

Internet speed for cell phones and fixed network

With an average download speed of 32.76 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Ghana ranks 111st in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 21.95 Mbit/second (88th place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, Ghana comes 131st with a download speed of 11.09 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 11 Mbit was enough for 76th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2023 from 180 countries.

Mobile phone rates in Ghana

Every year, the International Telecommunication Union calculates for many countries what a mobile phone contract costs to use. A monthly budget averaging US$ 8.70 was calculated Ghana in 2021. This is about the same value as in the previous year.

The ITU refers to the costs for monthly use and includes 140 telephony minutes, 70 text messages and a data transfer of 2 GBytes. The transfer speed should be the minimum of a 3G connection, i.e. at least UMTS, which is already outdated in many parts of the world. 2 GBytes do not sound much. However, this is already quite a high consumption in a worldwide comparison. If one does not take a fixed amount in US dollars, but converts it to the economic output per inhabitant, a user in Ghana spends 4.7% of his gross national income on mobile telephony. Worldwide, this rate is around 6.6 percent.

In the USA, the monthly cost was around $38.10.

Lack of network coverage with 5G

A modern 5G network does not yet exist in Ghana (as of 2021). The penetration rate of 4G, i.e., mobile communications with at least LTE speed, was recently 67.65 percent. In other words, 10.62 million people in the country had to make do with a maximum Internet speed of the outdated UMTS standard (or even less).

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Ghana from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in Ghana 2004 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerGhana is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 68 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 0 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in the number of fixed-network phones also indicate a change here. While the number of fixed-network phones has declined over the past few years, the number of cell phones has increased noticeably at the same time. Most recently, there were 123 cell phone contracts per 100 people. This trend can be observed worldwide, but is not yet as pronounced in Wakanda as in some other countries.

All international calling codes

Distribution in 2021Ghana
Internet users22.39 m68.20 %304.52 m91.75 %
Broadband users114,543.000.35 %125.89 m37.93 %
Landlines315,271.000.96 %97.82 m29.47 %
Mobile cellulars40.45 m123.21 %361.66 m108.97 %

Comparison: Ghana / United StatesCountry comparison: Ghana / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and Ghana compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States of America: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United States of AmericaComparison of technological development and communication in the United States of America with the countries of the European Union
Sweden: Population growthPopulation growth in SwedenPopulation growth of the last 61 years in Sweden compared to the global average