Energy consumption in Ghana

The most important measure in the energy balance of Ghana is the total consumption of
8.38 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 297 kWh.


Ghana could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 11 bn kWh, which is 132% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Ghana is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Ghana

Energy Balance

ElectricityTotalGhana
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption8.38 bn kWh296.99 kWh5,412.25 kWh
Production11.09 bn kWh393.17 kWh5,831.12 kWh
Import223.00 m kWh7.91 kWh731.24 kWh
Export552.00 m kWh19.57 kWh719.23 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
Ghana
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production100,500.00 bbl0.004 bbl0.005 bbl
Import13,860.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.019 bbl
Export99,890.00 bbl0.004 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
Ghana
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption1.33 bn m³46.97 m³1,164.59 m³
Production63.54 m m³2.25 m³445.87 m³
Import626.00 m m³22.19 m³759.89 m³



Carbon footprint

Total Ghana
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 201414.47 m t0.51 t5.40 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy source Total
in Ghana
percentage
in Ghana
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Ghana
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels10.97 bn kWh44,1 %48,9 %388.83 kWh7,994.86 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,2 %0.00 kWh1,185.87 kWh
Water power13.85 bn kWh55,7 %23,4 %491.10 kWh3,829.91 kWh
Renewable energy248.70 m kWh1,0 %16,2 %8.82 kWh2,655.34 kWh
Total production capacity24.87 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %881.69 kWh16,362.15 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 34.4 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: