Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in the Gambia

Compared to the United States, Gambia is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +220, there were a total of 2.74 million connections in 2021. Among them were 2.68 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.0 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 656 webhosts, Gambia is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 70 of these, or about 11 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Gambia

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 6.6 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Gambia ranks 168th in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 4.4 Mbit/second (165th place).

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in February 2023 from 180 countries.

This is how much a mobile phone contract costs in the Gambia

Every year, the International Telecommunication Union calculates for many countries what a mobile phone contract costs to use. A monthly budget averaging US$ 15.70 was calculated Gambia in 2021. Compared to the previous year, this amount increased by 4 cents.

The ITU refers to the costs for monthly use and includes 140 telephony minutes, 70 text messages and a data transfer of 2 GBytes. The transfer speed should be the minimum of a 3G connection, i.e. at least UMTS, which is already outdated in many parts of the world. 2 GBytes do not sound much. However, this is already quite a high consumption in a worldwide comparison. If one does not take a fixed amount in US dollars, but converts it to the economic output per inhabitant, a user in the Gambia spends 25.44% of his gross national income on mobile telephony. Worldwide, this rate is around 6.6 percent.

In the USA, the monthly cost was around $41.80.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in the Gambia from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in the Gambia 2004 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerGambia is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 33 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 0 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

The increasing prevalence of cell phones and the simultaneous decline in landline phones clearly indicate a change in the Gambia. While the number of landlines has fallen significantly in recent years, the spread of cell phones has risen to 101 cell phone subscriptions per 100 people at last count. Such a clear shift does not occur in all countries, but the trend points in the same direction internationally.

All international calling codes

Distribution in 2021Gambia
Internet users870,176.7632.96 %304.52 m91.75 %
Broadband users5,000.000.19 %125.89 m37.93 %
Landlines60,000.002.27 %97.82 m29.47 %
Mobile cellulars2.68 m101.44 %361.66 m108.97 %

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