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Climate in Southern Nations

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from two measuring weather stations in Southern Nations, Nationalities.
Weather stations at an altitude above 2000m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Ethiopia

Overview: Climate in Ethiopia
Daylengths and sun positions in Ethiopia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Southern Nations
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 9 hours per day, December is the sunniest month in the region of Southern Nations, Nationalities. In August the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Southern Nations
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 24 rainy days, August offers the most number of rainy days, and in January the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Southern Nations
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.8 mm, the least rain falls in January. August, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Southern Nations
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 84%, July is the most uncomfortable. In February, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Southern Nations
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is reached in 5 months in Southern Nations, although these are average values, and a month is rarely completely or not at all considered humid.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Southern Nations
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Ethiopia

Map of Southern Nations, Nationalities

Most important cities in the region »Southern Nations, Nationalities«

The region has a west-east extension of about 340 km and over 320 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo position
Hawassa133,0977° 3' 43"N38° 28' 35"E
Arba Minch'69,6226° 1' 60"N37° 32' 60"E
Dila47,0216° 25' 0"N38° 19' 0"E
Yirga ‘Alem36,2926° 45' 0"N38° 25' 0"E
Felege Neway33,4296° 17' 60"N36° 52' 60"E
Areka33,1507° 4' 0"N37° 42' 0"E
Boditi32,9976° 58' 0"N37° 52' 0"E
Jinka32,1155° 39' 0"N36° 38' 60"E
Butajira30,5028° 7' 0"N38° 22' 0"E
K'olito25,6147° 19' 0"N38° 4' 60"E
Tippi24,1697° 12' 0"N35° 27' 0"E
Bonga18,9737° 16' 60"N36° 13' 60"E
Bako17,8725° 46' 60"N36° 34' 0"E
Mizan Teferi14,0026° 59' 48"N35° 35' 22"E
Wendo12,9456° 35' 60"N38° 25' 0"E
Leku11,3986° 52' 23"N38° 26' 39"E
Gidole10,7365° 39' 0"N37° 22' 0"E
Hagere Selam5,1696° 28' 60"N38° 31' 0"E
Konso4,5935° 15' 0"N37° 28' 60"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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