The timezone SAST in EswatiniTimezones are always computed by their difference to UTC, the "Universal Time Coordinated". In Eswatini exists only a single tonezone at UTC+2. E.g. New York is currently at UTC-4 in Eastern Time, so the time difference between NY and Eswatini is 6 hours.
Eswatini has no time difference between summer and winter. A daylight saving time doesn't exist.
Back to overview: Eswatini
Only 1 nationwide time zone
|Standard time:||South Africa Standard Time (SAST)|
|Daylight saving time:||discontinued 1944|
Eswatini has an east-west extension of 0.9 degrees of longitude. Given the country's location in Southern Africa, this corresponds to about 93 kilometers. With such a small extent the course of the sun at different positions in the country hardly matters. The position of the sun in the west of the country deviates from that in the east only about 4 minutes. This means the sun rises and sets 4 minutes later in the west than in the east.
The South Africa Standard Time also applies in South Africa and in Lesotho.
No more daylight saving time in EswatiniDue to the sun's orbit around the equator, the days are longer in summer (November to February in the southern hemisphere). Countries that switch to daylight saving time in the summer months align the daylight phase with the human rhythm. Unused bright morning hours are thus shifted into the evening (more information on daylight saving time here).
Due to the relative proximity to the equator, the impact in Eswatini is not particularly large. Mbabane is only 2,950 km from the equator. A day in midsummer would then not last from 04:58 to 18:49, but from 05:58 to 19:49. The effect would be quite noticeable in the evening, but the sun rising later in the morning falls at a time when many people are already awake. Thus, in 1944, the decision was made to finally abandon daylight saving time in Eswatini.