The climate in Egypt

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 21 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Egypt

Climate zone: The northern parts of Egypt are in the subtropics, the southern regions in the tropics.

In 9 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 26 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Aswan. The coldest is Alexandria.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Egypt
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Egypt
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Egypt
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Egypt
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Egypt
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Egypt
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Egypt

Country parts in Egypt

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

country partTemperature
max Ø day
min Ø night
Al Jizah29.1 °C16.9 °C3,431 h4 18 l53.0 %
Al Minya29.9 °C15.5 °C3,577 h2 4 l52.0 %
Alexandria25.7 °C16.6 °C2,920 h31 204 l70.0 %
Aswan34.4 °C20.1 °C3,833 h1 0 l26.0 %
Asyut29.4 °C14.4 °C7 38.0 %
Luxor33.4 °C15.5 °C3,723 h8 40.0 %
Muhafazat al Qahirah28.4 °C17.6 °C3,395 h6 22 l54.0 %
Muhafazat al Qalyubiyah28.4 °C17.6 °C3,395 h6 22 l54.0 %
Muhafazat al Wadi al Jadid32.4 °C16.4 °C3,760 h0 0 l37.0 %
Muhafazat Matruh27.2 °C15.9 °C3,541 h13 69 l58.0 %
Muhafazat Shamal Sina'26.8 °C14.5 °C3,431 h19 88 l68.0 %
Qina33.0 °C18.0 °C3,760 h1 0 l40.0 %
Red Sea31.2 °C20.6 °C1 11 l
South Sinai30.4 °C23.1 °C3,504 h1 11 l

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to March 2022 was reported by the Kharga weather station. In June 2018 the record temperature of 49.0 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 20 weather stations in Egypt , was recorded in 2015 with an average temperature of 30.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.6 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 37.1 °C.

The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Siwa. Here the temperature dropped to -1.4 °C in January 2019. Siwa lies at an altitude of -13 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1949 with an average temperature of 12.6 °C. In Egypt, it is usual to have about 3.0 degrees more at 15.6 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in January 1985. With 7.0 mm per day, the Marsa Matruh Airp weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Alexandria Airp. The driest region is near Kharga.

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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