The climate in Egypt

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 27 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Egypt

Climate zone: The northern parts of Egypt are in the subtropics, the southern regions are in the tropics.

For 9 months, the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 26 degrees even invite you to bathe in the warm season. The warmest and at the same time rainiest region is Nile Valley. The coldest is Nile Delta.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Egypt
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Egypt
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Egypt
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Egypt
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Egypt
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Egypt
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Egypt

Regions in Egypt

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Sinai Peninsula29.4 °C17.7 °C3,395 h11 66 l51.0 %
Nile Delta27.9 °C17.5 °C3,285 h17 88 l59.0 %
Nile Valley31.9 °C17.8 °C3,650 h2 7 l41.0 %
Eastern Desert / Red Sea31.8 °C20.5 °C3,504 h2 15 l38.0 %
Western Desert29.1 °C16.6 °C3,541 h8 47 l51.0 %

Temperature records of the last 74 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to January 2023 was reported by the Kharga weather station. In June 2018, the record temperature of 49.0 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 23 weather stations in Egypt , was recorded in 2021 with an average temperature of 31.2 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 29.1 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 36.7 °C.

The coldest day in these 74 years was reported by the Siwa weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -1.4 °C in January 2019. Siwa lies at an altitude of -13 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1949 with an average temperature of 12.6 °C. In Egypt, it is usual to have about 3.3 degrees more at 15.9 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in January 1985. With 7.0 mm per day, the Marsa Matruh Airport weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 74 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Alexandria Airport. The driest region is near Kharga.

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 23 stations in Egypt itself. In 4 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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