Climate in Nile Valley

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from seven measuring weather stations in Nile Valley.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Nile Valley is one of the warmest regions in Egypt with an average daily high temperature of 32 degrees. For several months of the year, it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees, sometimes up to 40 degrees.
Overview: Climate in Egypt
Daylengths and sun positions in Egypt
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Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 12 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in the region of Nile Valley. In December, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 1 rain days, January offers the most rain days, while August has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.0 mm, the least amount of rain falls in September. March, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With only 29% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 55% is experienced here in December.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in Nile Valley, although these are always average values.
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity, the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Egypt

Map of Nile Valley

Most important cities in the region »Nile Valley«

Alone 12 cities with over 100,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 230 km and over 790 km from north to south.

It consists of the eight governorates Al Minya, Aswan, Asyut, Luxor, Muhafazat Bani Suwayf, Muhafazat al Fayyum, Qina and Suhaj.

CityPopulationGeo position
Luxor422,40725° 41' 56"N32° 38' 32"E
Asyut420,58527° 10' 51"N31° 11' 1"E
Al Fayyum306,39329° 18' 36"N30° 50' 30"E
Aswan266,01324° 5' 27"N32° 53' 58"E
Qina235,36226° 9' 51"N32° 43' 36"E
Al Minya227,15028° 6' 36"N30° 45' 1"E
Sohag190,13226° 33' 25"N31° 41' 41"E
Bani Suwayf189,62429° 4' 28"N31° 5' 52"E
Idfu166,10224° 58' 49"N32° 52' 29"E
Mallawi142,50427° 43' 53"N30° 50' 30"E
Jirja128,25026° 20' 18"N31° 53' 30"E
Akhmim101,50926° 33' 44"N31° 44' 42"E
Tahta90,59126° 46' 9"N31° 30' 8"E
Samalut90,46528° 18' 44"N30° 42' 36"E
Bush86,60829° 8' 53"N31° 7' 38"E
Manfalut78,74427° 18' 37"N30° 58' 12"E
Abu Tij71,25727° 2' 39"N31° 19' 8"E
Isna69,33525° 17' 36"N32° 33' 14"E
Abnub68,74927° 16' 11"N31° 9' 4"E
Al Qusiyah68,39427° 26' 25"N30° 49' 6"E
Dayrut67,78827° 33' 22"N30° 48' 28"E
Al Fashn63,79328° 49' 28"N30° 53' 58"E
Abu Qurqas61,18227° 55' 52"N30° 50' 18"E
Al Manshah61,13426° 28' 37"N31° 48' 13"E
Kousa60,18125° 54' 51"N32° 45' 49"E
Kawm Umbu59,78724° 28' 36"N32° 56' 47"E
Bani Mazar58,15328° 30' 13"N30° 48' 1"E
Dishna54,19726° 7' 29"N32° 28' 34"E
Farshut53,85126° 3' 18"N32° 9' 48"E
Ibshaway51,17329° 21' 29"N30° 40' 53"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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