Volcanos in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

At 2 volcanos in the Democratic Republic of the Congo there have been a total of 5 siginificant eruptions over the past 2000 years. Over 100 people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 01/17/2002 at the volcano "Nyiragongo". Only here 100 people died.

3 of 4 volcanos in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are considered as still active.

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Significant volcanic eruptions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over the past 2000 years

The following list shows all volcanoes of the last 2000 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the outbreak increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic metres up to 1 kilometre high. From VEI 8 a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was reached in the review period at VEI 3 in 1912. The volcano Nyamuragira threw tephramasses of at least 10 million cubic meters over 3 kilometers high. Volcanoes of this size can theoretically erupt at this intensity every year.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
01/17/2002Nyiragongo1100
11/21/1990Nyiragongo01
01/10/1977Nyiragongo10
01/28/1938Nyamuragira10
12/03/1912Nyamuragira320


All volcanos in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

VolcanoElevationStatusLast eruption
Visoke3711 mActive 
Nyiragongo3465 mActive 
Nyamlagira3056 mActive 
Mayamoto950 mSolfatara stage 



These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.