Terrorism in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The risk of terrorist attacks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over the past years can be classified as high. Compared to other countries, it is still placed somewhere in the middle of a terrorism ranking. Over the past 5 years a total number of 395 terrorist incidents has been recorded, in which 1307 people have been killed and 643 injured.

In 167 incedents a total of 1197 people have been kidnapped or taken as hostage, though a ransom was rarely (17 times) extorted.

Topic page: Terrorism


Back to overview: Congo (Dem. Republic)

Most frequent attack targets in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

(2012 to 2016)

TargetAttacksKilledInjuredHostages
Private citizens3021,0515281,081
Military422144425
Government31927529
Police2869185
NGO115856
Business11631247
Journalists & Media81256
Religious institutions51111
Airports & Aircraft450100
Tourists1002


Most affected regions

(2012 to 2016)

RegionAttacksKilledInjuredHostages
North Kivu228951394438
Orientale709477254
Katanga2028116
South Kivu18116153170
Ituri16171457
Haut-Uele100067
Bas-Uele811137
Maniema30012
Haut-Katanga35018
Kasai-Oriental3106
Mongala31700
Kinshasa22411
Kasai Central24900
Equateur1100
Bas-Congo1200
Lualaba1010
Equator1000


Terrorist organisations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

OrganisationAttacksKilledInjuredHostages
Mayi Mayi23373483
Nyatura Militia1012621
Mai Mai Bakata Katanga Militia9009
Mai Mai Simba Militia828682
M2365140
Mai Mai Mazembe Militia448200
Raia Mutomboki Militia3108
Kamwina Nsapu Militia24900
Colonel Albert Kahasha Militia12000
Mai Mai Manu Militia1010
Hutu extremists11900


All information sourced from the "National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism" (START) and its Global Terrorism Database. An act of terrorism is concidered every incident which is aimed at attaining a political, economic, religious, or social goal, but not for pure profit motives. In addition these incidents must not be legitimized by warfare activities, listet in the Geneva Conventions of 1949.