Volcanos in Cape VerdeWith 1 volcanos in Cape Verde there have been a total of 3 significant eruptions over the past 200 years. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 11/23/2014 with the eruption of "Fogo".
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Significant volcanic eruptions in Cape Verde in the last 200 yearsThe following list shows all volcanic eruptions of the last 200 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the eruption increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic meters up to 1 kilometer high. From VEI 8, a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.
The highest explosivity index in Cape Verde reached in the review period was VEI 2 in 1995. The volcano Fogo threw tephramasses of at least 1 million cubic metres over 1 kilometre high. Such small volcanic eruptions can theoretically occur several times a year.
These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.