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Burundi

Presidential republic
independant since 1962
Burundi
Region:
Eastern Africa
Area:
27,830 km²
Local name:
Burundi / Uburundi
Capital:
Bujumbura
Burundi on the world map

Geography

Burundi is a landlocked country in East Africa at the northern end of Lake Tanganyika. The land has a total area of 27,830 km² (10,745 mi²). This land area is approximately 111% of the area of Maryland. Burundi is thus one of the smallest countries in Africa by area and ranked 147th worldwide. It lies at an average elevation of 1504 m above sea level and is therefore one of the highest countries in the world.

There is no access to the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 3 neighbouring countries Congo (Dem. Republic), Rwanda and Tanzania. The distance between New York City and the Capital Bujumbura is about 11,390 km (7,077 mi).

Population

Population:11,531,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 63.4 years
Birthrate:
38.4 ‰
Deathrate:
7.8 ‰
Males/Females:
49.6% : 50.4%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Burundi 2019
The currency in Burundi is Burundi Franc (BIF).
1 Franc is divided into 100 Centimes.
Status: 05/14/2021
1 US Dollar = 1,974.49 Francs
10.000 Francs = 5.06 US Dollar

The climate in Burundi

In Burundi, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 28 and 31 degrees. In the colder months, the average night temperatures drop down to 17 °C.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Burundi
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Languages

Official language:
Kirundi, French

mother tonguedistribution
Kirundi98.1 %
French0.3 %
Swahili0.2 %
English0.1 %
other1.3 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Adventists2.3%
Catholics62.1%
other Protestants21.6%
Muslims2.5%
other11.5%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.02 bn $
Exportations:285.1 M $
Importations:905.3 M $
Tourism receipts:3.90 M $
Unemployment rate:0.8 %
Inflation rate:-0.69 %
corruption index:19 (very bad)
Energy consumption:382.7 M kWh

Due to its political and financial situation, Burundi is considered one of the least developed countries in the world and is also one of the heavily indebted poor countries.

Land use

79% Agricultural areas:22,022 km²
11% Forest:2,992 km²
0% Water areas:2,150 km²
10% Others:2,816 km²

Transport

Roadways:12,322 km
Airports:7

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
Bujumbura / CapitalBujumbura Mairie497,000
MuyingaMuyinga71,000
RuyigiRuyigi38,000
GitegaGitega23,000
NgoziNgozi22,000
RutanaRutana21,000
BururiBururi20,000
MakambaMakamba20,000
KayanzaKayanza19,000
MuramvyaMuramvya18,000
CibitokeCibitoke14,000
BubanzaBubanza13,000
KaruziKaruzi11,000
CankuzoCankuzo6,590
KirundoKirundo6,080
RumongeBururi6,070
MwaroMwaro4,920




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 2009



Existing trade agreements



Alliances

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