The timezone CAT in BotswanaTimezones are always computed by their difference to UTC, the "Universal Time Coordinated". In Botswana exists only a single tonezone at UTC+2. E.g. New York is currently at UTC-4 in Eastern Time, so the time difference between NY and Botswana is 6 hours.
Botswana has no time difference between summer and winter. A daylight saving time doesn't exist.
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Only 1 nationwide time zone
|Standard time:||Central Africa Time (CAT)|
|Daylight saving time:||none|
Botswana has an east-west extension of 7.0 degrees of longitude. Given the country's location in Southern Africa, this corresponds to about 730 kilometers. With this still relatively small extension, the course of the sun is only slightly different at different positions in the country. The position of the sun in the west of the country differs from that in the east by only about 28 minutes. This means the sun rises and sets 28 minutes later in the west than in the east.
The Central Africa Time also applies in Malawi, Burundi, Zimbabwe, South Sudan, Sudan, Rwanda, in parts of the Congo (Dem. Republic), in Zambia, Mozambique and in Namibia.
No daylight saving time in BotswanaDue to the sun's orbit around the equator, the days are longer in summer (November to February in the southern hemisphere). Countries that switch to daylight saving time in the summer months align the daylight phase with the human rhythm. Unused bright morning hours are thus shifted into the evening (more information on daylight saving time here).
Due to the relative proximity to the equator, the impact in Botswana is not particularly large. Gaborone is only 2,750 km from the equator. A day in midsummer would then not last from 05:23 to 19:06, but from 06:23 to 20:06. The effect would be quite noticeable in the evening, but the sun rising later in the morning falls at a time when many people are already awake. Thus, daylight saving time was never introduced in Botswana.