Transport and infrastructure in Algeria

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Algeria with the average of all countries in Africa. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Algeria ranks 83rd in the world with 0.09 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,020 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 1.03 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 1.60 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.

Airports in Algeria

Back to overview: Algeria

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 104,000 km. For each of the country's 44.62 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.33 meters. This puts Algeria in 167th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 19 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 8653 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Algeria is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 21.1 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Algeria, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways104,000 km2,330.97 km43.67 m
Railroads4,000 km90.10 km1.69 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors1142.560.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Algeria: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in AlgeriaThe 28 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Algeria with further information and data
Algeria: ClimateClimate and temperature development in AlgeriaA climate analysis for Algeria incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing